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Diseases That Often Infect the Human Eye


TTTDiseases That Often Infect the Human Eye Eye disease is a health disorder that often occurs in society. Complaints can be in the form of red, itchy, sore eyes, visual impairment, or even blindness. Of the many eye diseases, there are some common eye diseases in Indonesia.Eye diseases can attack anyone at any time. The slot thailand gacor
treatment is varied, some recover on their own, some require medical treatment from an eye specialist. To anticipate it, do routine eye examinations so that eye diseases can be quickly detected and treated as early as possible.



Retinal disorders can affect any part of the retina. The layer at the back of the eye that captures light and sends images to the brain. Here are some common retinal disorders: Retinal ablation, the retina is torn or detached due to the presence of excess fluid around it
Diabetic retinopathy, which is a retinal disorder that occurs in diabetic patients, especially in diabetic patients who do not receive regular treatment.

Epiretinal membrane, which is scar tissue on the retina

A macular hole, which is a small defect in the center of the retina, which can occur when the eye is injured
Macular degeneration, which is a decrease in the ability to see due to aging, with complaints in the form of a black spot (blind spot) in the center of vision
Retinitis pigmentosa, which is a degenerative disease that affects the retina, where the sufferer can experience nearsightedness at night, disturbed vision, or easy glare

Corneal d isorders

The cornea is the outermost layer of the eye that helps the eye focus to capture rays or images from an object, as well as protect the eye from germs, dust, and harmful substances. Various conditions that can attack the cornea are:

Eye injury

Keratitis, which is inflammation of the cornea due to infection or irritation to certain substances
Corneal ulcer, which is a wound or ulcer on the cornea of the eye due to infection, injury, or the exposure of irritating substances to the eye
Corneal dystrophy, which is the cornea that loses its clarity due to the accumulation of certain substances on the surface or behind the corneal layer
In addition to the various diseases above, there are still many types of eye diseases that can occur. If your vision is suddenly blurred or your eyes feel painful, swollen, and discharge fluid, immediately check with an eye doctor to get the right treatment according to the cause.

Dry Eyes

Dry eyes can happen to anyone. But this complaint is more often experienced by the elderly and women. Dry eye sufferers will experience symptoms in the form of gritty eyes. There is a foreign object in the eye, red eyes, pain or itching, and glare. The causative factors can be various, ranging mahjong ways slot from lack of tear production, autoimmune disease, infection, irritation, allergies, lack of nutrition, eyes too often exposed to wind or sunlight, to side effects of medicines. Dry eyes can be treated with the use of tear drops (artificial tears), or drugs to increase tear production. In addition, factors that cause dry eyes also need to be identified and treated.


This eye disease occurs when the soft tissues around the eyes become inflamed and make the eyes red, watery, sore, and itchy. Conjunctivitis can be caused by irritation, allergy, or infection. If it is caused by a bacterial infection, the eye can become purulent. The treatment of conjunctivitis is adjusted to the cause. If conjunctivitis is caused by an allergy, the treatment is to avoid the allergen and use antihistamines. If caused by a viral infection, conjunctivitis can heal on its own within a few days. As for conjunctivitis caused by bacterial infection, treatment with eye drops or antibiotic eye ointment is required.


Cataract is the number one cause of blindness in Indonesia. This eye disease makes the lens of the eye look cloudy so that vision becomes blurred. Cataracts are mostly suffered by people over the age of 60. However, in some cases, cataracts can occur at a younger age, even in newborns. Apart from aging which causes the proteins in the lens of the eye to clump together, cataracts can also be caused by diabetes, injury to the eye, exposure to UV rays, smoking habits, and the side effects of certain medications, such as corticosteroids and radiation therapy. If it interferes with vision, cataracts can be treated with surgery.


In Indonesia, glaucoma is estimated to be suffered by around 6 million people. Glaucoma occurs when the optic nerve of the eye is damaged so that the sufferer experiences visual impairment, even blindness. Damage to the optic nerve is caused by increased pressure in the eyeball due to the accumulation of fluid in the eye. Glaucoma can occur at any age, but more often attacks the elderly. This eye disease is one of the main causes of blindness for people who are over 60 years old. The treatment can be with medicine to drink or eye drops to reduce the pressure in the eyeball. Other treatment steps can be surgery, both laser surgery and conventional eye surgery.

Refractive disorder (blurred vision)

Refractive disorders make it difficult for the sufferer to see clearly. Because the focus of the eye does not fall on the point it should. Normally, the focus of light or the shadow of an object captured by the eye will fall at the back of the eye. Namely on the retina. In patients with refractive errors, the focus of light does not fall exactly on the retina. As a result, the object appears opaque. In addition, refractive errors can also be caused by changes in the shape of the cornea or aging of the lens. Refractive disorders can be classified into four types, namely:

Nearsightedness, ie the patient cannot see close objects clearly because the focus of light is behind the retina
Farsightedness. That is objects in the distance appear blurry due to the focus of light being in front of the retina
Presbyopia or old eyes. The eyes lose the ability to see things clearly as they age. Because the muscles around the eyes lose their elasticity and harden . Astigmatism or cylindrical eye, which is a condition that occurs due to the cornea or lens of the eye not being curved like a circle, but more convex or concave



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